Abortion The abortion debate most commonly relates to the "induced abortion" of an embryo or fetus at some point in a pregnancy, which is also how the term is used in a legal sense. In medical parlance, "abortion" can refer to either miscarriage or abortion until the fetus is viable. After viability, doctors call an abortion a "termination of pregnancy". Rise of anti-abortion legislation[ edit ] Abortion laws in the U.
Current legal status nationwide[ edit ] Abortion laws in the U. Parental notification or consent not required One parent must be informed beforehand Both parents must be informed beforehand One parent must consent beforehand Both parents must consent beforehand One parent must consent and be informed beforehand Parental notification law currently enjoined Parental consent law currently enjoined Mandatory waiting period laws in the U.
No mandatory waiting period Waiting period of less than 24 hours Waiting period of 24 hours or more Waiting period law currently enjoined Abortion counseling laws in the U. Must offer to display image.
If ultrasound is performed, must offer to display image. Fetal homicide laws in the fifty states "Homicide" or Abortion in the united states. Depends on age of fetus. No law on feticide.
The current judicial interpretation of the U. Constitution regarding abortion in the United Statesfollowing the Supreme Court of the United States landmark decision in Roe v.
Wadeand subsequent companion decisions, is that abortion is legal but may be restricted by the states to varying degrees. States have passed laws to restrict late term abortions, require parental notification for minors, and mandate the disclosure of abortion risk information to patients prior to the procedure.
Constitution is the Fourteenth Amendmentwhich states that All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Thus, the [Judiciary] Committee observes that no significant legal barriers of any kind whatsoever exist today in the United States for a woman to obtain an abortion for any reason during any stage of her pregnancy. In the majority opinion delivered by the court in Roe v.
Viability is usually placed at about seven months 28 weeks, approx. These scientific achievements, while life-saving for premature babies, have made the determination of being "viable" somewhat more complicated.
The youngest child thought to have survived a premature birth in the United States was Amillia Taylor born on 24 October in MiamiFloridaat 21 weeks and 6 days gestational age, approx. However, in terms of other aspects such as government funding, privacy for non-adults, or geographical access, some U.
In most European countries abortion on-demand is allowed only during the first trimester, with abortions during later stages of pregnancy being allowed only for specific reasons e.
The reasons that can be invoked by a woman seeking an abortion after the first trimester vary by country, for instance, some countries, such as Denmark, provide a wide range of reasons, including social and economic ones.
In many countries the right to abortion has been legalized by respective parliaments, while in the U. Because of the split between federal and state law, legal access to abortion continues to vary somewhat by state.
Geographic availability, however, varies dramatically, with 87 percent of U. For this reason, the old trimester formula was ruled obsolete, with a new focus on viability of the fetus.
Sinceled by Congressional Republicansthe U. House of Representatives and U. Senate have moved several times to pass measures banning the procedure of intact dilation and extractionalso commonly known as partial birth abortion.
After several long and emotional debates on the issue, such measures passed twice by wide margins, but President Bill Clinton vetoed those bills in April and October on the grounds that they did not include health exceptions.
Congressional supporters of the bill argue that a health exception would render the bill unenforceable, since the Doe v.
Bolton decision defined "health" in vague terms, justifying any motive for obtaining an abortion. Subsequent Congressional attempts at overriding the veto were unsuccessful. On October 2,with a vote ofthe House again approved a measure banning the procedure, called the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act.
Through this legislation, a doctor could face up to two years in prison and face civil lawsuits for performing such an abortion. A woman who undergoes the procedure cannot be prosecuted under the measure.
On October 21,the United States Senate passed the same bill by a vote ofwith a number of Democrats joining in support.In the United States, abortion laws began to appear in the s, forbidding abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy. Before that time, abortion was not illegal, though it was often unsafe for the woman whose pregnancy was being terminated.
Through the efforts primarily of physicians, the.
Abortion in the United States has been, and remains, a controversial issue in United States culture and politics. Various anti-abortion laws have been in force in each state since at least Before the U.S. Supreme Court decision Roe v. Primary nationwide abortion statistics for the United States are available from two sources—privately from the Guttmacher Institute (AGI) and publicly from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC).
Guttmacher’s numbers, published every three years, come from direct surveys of all known and suspected abortion providers in the United States.
Abortion in the United States Incidence of Abortion Nearly half of pregnancies among American women are unintended, and about 4 in 10 of these are terminated by abortion.
22% of all pregnancies (excluding miscarriages) end in abortion. MMWR: Abortion Surveillance — United States, In , , legal induced abortions were reported to CDC from 49 reporting areas. The abortion rate for was abortions per 1, women aged 15–44 years, and the abortion ratio was abortions per 1, live births.
The abortion rate in was abortions per 1, women aged 15–44, down 14% from per 1, in 2 This is the lowest rate ever observed in the United States; in , the year abortion became legal, the rate was 4.