A web based education module Quick access Recent articles Educational Goals Students will be able to demonstrate competencies in knowledge, skills, and attitudes of an effective clinician in evaluating and caring for patients with hypertension in the primary care setting.
Milk proteins and bioactive peptides. The Evidence A recent dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies was conducted to examine the consumption of total dairy, low-fat dairy, high-fat dairy, and different types of dairy products in relation to hypertension incidence in the general population.
This study Conclusion hypertension 57, adults aged 25 to 65 years and follow-up of 5 to 15 years. Similar findings were observed in another systematic review and meta-analysis, which included about 45, men and women and involved 2 to 15 years of follow-up: Another evidence-based systematic review, published by the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee DGACwas conducted to examine the effects of milk and milk products on blood pressure.
The review included 13 studies, namely 1 systematic review, 1 randomized controlled trial, 6 prospective cohort studies and 5 cross-sectional studies. After following a control diet for 3 weeks, adults were randomized to 1 of 3 diets as follows: The milk products in the combination DASH diet included about 1 oz of regular-fat cheese.
Sodium Reduction in the Canadian Food Supply: Challenges for Cheese Within 2 weeks, both intervention diets significantly lowered blood pressure, with similar reduction patterns observed in men and women and in minorities and non-minorities: The dairy-enriched combination diet DASH diet had twice the impact of the fruits and vegetables diet, reducing systolic blood pressure by 5.
Additionally, low vitamin D status has been shown to increase blood pressure by activating the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which leads to vasoconstriction and sodium and water retention.
In fact, antihypertensive ACE-inhibitory peptides have been reported to be present in various types of cheese.
The evidence to date indicates that a higher intake of milk products in general high and low fatand specifically low-fat milk products and milk, may have a protective role against hypertension. Furthermore, there appears to be a dose-response relationship to this beneficial effect. There appears to be no association between high-fat milk products and risk of hypertension.
With respect to cheese, an increased risk of hypertension is not associated with this milk product even though it contains sodium. More studies, including randomized controlled trials and mechanistic studies, are needed to provide definitive answers on the role of milk products in the prevention and management of hypertension.Secondary hypertension is elevated blood pressure that results from an underlying, identifiable, often correctable cause.
Only about 5 to 10 percent of hypertension cases are thought to result.
Hypertension is commonly divided into two categories of primary and secondary hypertension. In primary hypertension, often called essential hypertension is characterised by chronic elevation in blood pressure that occurs without the elevation of BP pressure results .
4. Conclusion. Hypertension is a very important disorder in aged people and is associated with higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Hypertension: Summary of Evidence Data from several studies, including two systematic reviews and the landmark DASH diet study, have consistently demonstrated a significant benefit from an adequate intake of milk and milk products in the prevention and management of hypertension.
High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the leading causes of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and death in the United States.
One major cause of poor blood pressure control is not taking medications at the right time and in the right amount. Learn the steps you can take to help you or your loved ones. Gestational hypertension, also referred to as pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) is a condition characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy.
Gestational hypertension can lead to a serious condition called .