After the brutal September 11 attacks, the United States must once again wage a war in a foreign land. As always, the problem of the legitimacy of using military action for revenge as a means of re-establishing justice comes to the fore.
Philosophy may be considered the cornerstone of the sciences. Before astronomy became a science; Thales of Miletus predicted an eclipse.
When a philosophy gathers enough facts to become dogmatic, it becomes a science that contributes to the progression of humanity. Augustine was a theologian and philosopher whose thinking and writing was relevant in his day and continues to be relevant today. As long as war has occurred, people have been asking how can it be just or immoral.
Augustine confronted the topic during the fall of Rome and developed the just war theory. A theory that is driven by the precept of making war as moral as possible, which may not be a science in our day; nevertheless, the significance of his philosophy is highly relevant and applicable in modern day warfare.
Augustine of Hippo is Aurelius Augustinus, — A. He was raised by a Christian mother and a Pagan father who near the end of his life converted to Christianity.
Augustine in his teenage years did not remain a Christian but instead became a follower of the Manichean religion. The Manichean belief seems to be more theoretical than actually having a factual basis. Manicheanism offered salvation through knowledge. The doctrine offered its followers an answer to many of their questions, which was a benefit over Christianity because they perceived the Christian religion as mysterious Arendzen.
It was prior to his teenage years when Augustine began to sway from Christian doctrine. He lived in an atmosphere where it was habitual for young men to fornicate and boast about their sexual relations with multiple woman, and Augustine appreciated every advantage of it.
Reflecting on his past prior to his Christian conversion, Augustine writes: Augustine never mastered the Greek language; nevertheless, he was a bright student and eventually became a teacher of grammar and rhetoric.
He opened a school in Rome which resulted in disappointment because students would not pay their dues. He learned more in-depth Manichean theology, which led to many doubts regarding Manichean doctrine. This along with his studies of religion and influences from his Christian mother and friends allowed him to become more open minded towards the Christian faith; furthermore, It was Bishop Ambrose of Milan, who he recognized as a more experienced man with superior oratory skills; that inclined him towards the Christian faith: To Milan, I came to, Ambrose the Bishop, known to the whole world as among the best of men, Thy devout servant.
To him, I was unknowingly led by Thee, that by him, I might knowingly be led to Thee. That man of God received me as a father. I began to love him Augustine Book 5 p. Eventually what ultimately converted Augustine to Christianity was the reading of Romans chapter 13 verses ; a fitting verse which perhaps applied to the type of lifestyle he was called to repent from.
Augustine was primarily a Christian theologian and Christian philosopher, but his thoughts and writings may peak the interest of any who may have an interest in general philosophy as well.
Augustine explicated on topics such as; epistemology, just war theory, morality, ethics, and the doctrine of free will to name a few. Perhaps one of the most applicable theories posed by St. Augustine is Just War Theory.
The concept of the theory may not have originated with Augustine, but his cognitive contribution has been applicable from history to modern day.
In war, there is a saying that anything goes, but to follow that line of reasoning to its end requires an absolute absence of ethical rules.
Rules that if considered carefully may reduce the amount of death, destruction, and pain in war. Besides, with that type of logic applied to actions in war, there could be an endless cycle of vengeance between the nations involved.
Justified war theory helps to increase ethics and morality in an ironic event where a mission may be to destroy; nevertheless, it contributes to raising awareness that initiating war must have a justifiable reason, furthermore, that to end a war; the means to an end do not necessarily justify the means.
Many philosophers such as; Plato, Socrates, Xenophon, and Euripides have written on the issues on what may justify a war; however, in the West, it is St.
In addition, Author Louis J. Augustine lived in a time when Rome was losing its power and falling to surrounding powers. Such an extreme scenario may have inclined him to consider morality highly relevant.Just War According to Catholic Teaching - Catholic doctrine on the legitimacy of using military action for revenge as a means of re-establishing justice.
Saint Augustine also defines just war as a means to re-establish and vindicate violated justice, and thus obtain peace. Therefore one can wage war to punish a nation for the violation of just order. Nevertheless, in the Augustinian concept of justice, this applies not only to the natural law of individuals and peoples, but also justice due to.
Augustine is noted in history as the founder of Just War Theory in the Western tradition (The Islamic world has it's own tradition of Just War Theory based on the Koran).
This is a body of thought that seeks to provide guidelines for when it is justified for one nation to wage war on another.
Jul 20, · The Just War theory specifies conditions for judging if it is just to go to war, and conditions for how the war should be fought.
Although it was extensively developed by Christian theologians, it. St.
Augustine. The classic Just-War Theory has its origins in Christian theology. Saint Augustine is usually indentified as the first individual to offer a theory on war and justice. Challenging the 'Just War' Theory.
Share on facebook Gorman emphasizes that Clement's statement represents the entire body of Christian literature from the first three centuries by affirming Christian faithfulness to Christ's paramount teaching of love that completely rejects violence and bloodshed. But later St.
Augustine in response to.